Book of joshua dating

A number of sites mentioned in the Joshua narratives have been identified, excavated and their occupational parameters established by archaeologists. He associated the fallen wall with Joshua's attack.In some cases it has been determined that a number of sites either did not exist or were abandoned in the biblical time frame for the "Conquest of Canaan" by the Israelites. Later excavations by Kenyon (1952-58) established that Garstang was in error, the fallen walls were of the Early Bronze Age, and that as many as 17 collapses had occurred in this time period (Jericho lies in a rift valley called the Arabah in the bible, and this valley is subject to earthquakes which accounted for the collapsing walls). She noted that Jericho had been destroyed several times, the Early Bronze city was destroyed by invaders in EB IV (called MB I by others), who built rude dwellings on the ruins. The only Late Bronze Age occupation was a single dwelling, no walled city, and this was abandoned before Joshua arrived.Some Conservative scholars prefer to date the Exodus to circa 1446 B. Many Humanist and Liberal scholars opt for an Exodus ca. C., sometime after Pharaoh Rameses II (1279-1212 B. Kenyon's excavations led her to understand that Jericho was an abandoned city by the time Joshua encountered it ca. In Middle Bronze II the city came back to life as a mighty fortified and walled structure only to be destroyed by the Egyptians in MB IIc who conquered all of Canaan on the heels of the Hyksos expulsion (ca. Jericho's last wall was the MBII wall destroyed by the Egyptians (no Iron Age walls being found). Upon the return from Exile, Jericho was not resetttled, instead a new city arose in the vicinity of the abandoned tell.

p.157, for photo of the stele and the date in Peter A. Archaeological excavations by Garstang (1932-36) had established the city's wall had collapsed and then the city was destroyed by invaders.

C.) mentions his defeat in Canaan of a peoples called "Israel," and his monument is dated ca. C., suggesting that if an Exodus did occur it had to have happened before his victory (cf. Jericho was the first city to fall to the Israelites (Jos -27).

C., and thus there would be no objection raised to this anomaly, this would suggest a text created in either the 6th or 5th century B. It is my understanding that the Primary History (Genesis-2 Kings) was created ca.

The problem is that some sites mentioned in the Joshua narratives did not come into existence until Iron II, the 8th-7th centuries B. These archaeological anomalies suggest that the book of Joshua was not composed ca. C., it had to have been written some time after the 8th-7th centuries B. We must allow a period of 100/200 years to elapse, such that the national memory would have forgotten that these places did not exist until the 8th/7th centuries B.

The older view of a 1400 BC conquest based upon 1 Kings 6:1 (held by Garstang) is not supported because there was no occupation of the site at that time.

Albright's view of a conquest about 1250-1230 BC is also unsupported...

We are left with the options of discounting the historicity of the Ai account or of placing the conquest in a chronological context later than Late Bronze.

The latter is here proposed, and it is suggested that the interruption of the Iron Age village about 1125 BC would be the appropriate time.

However, there is increasing evidence from excavations and surveys of the hill country from the Negeb to Esdraelon that a military conquest as described in Joshua 1-11 is without archaeological support, and that the settlement depicted in the book of Judges matches the evidence more accurately.

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