Dating antique french clocks

Sevres porcelain history starts in 1738 when the Marquis Orry de Fulvy, brother of the Minister of Finance, obtained from the French king Louis XV a licence to manufacture porcelain in the Saxon manner At that time the brothers Dubois, who were arcanists that fled from Chantilly, had already experimented to produce porcelain at the Chateau de Vincennes.

Together with Gravant, they succeeded in producing a type of soft paste frit-porcelain around 1745.

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After the death of the Marquis in 1751, it was king Louis XV himself who took a 25% interest in the company and allowed it to change its name to "Manufacture Royale de la porcelaine de France" and also to use the double L monogram as a factory mark.

Louis XV took over the entire Sevres porcelain operation himself around 1759, believing himself the best ambassador to promote its wares to both a French and increasingly internationale clientele.

The Vincennes factory was also granted the monopoly for polychrome painting on porcelain.

The other French factories were only permitted to paint their porcelain in one colour. Due to the low firing temperature required to produce frit-porcelain, it was possible to apply a rich palette of colours for decoration and this became an example which would be followed by a lot of other European porcelain factories.

Sevres also set an example in modelling unglazed biscuit porcelain, which was introduced by Bachelier.

In 1772, after the discovery of a deposit of kaolin at Limoges, Sèvres began to produce hard paste porcelain.In 1804, after the factory was given the title "Manufacture Imperiale", frit-porcelain production ceased.But, everything changed with the coming of the French Revolution and the depression which followed.The Sevres company was in financial ruin, its aspiration to challenge the German company Meissen as the most desired porcelain for the royal and wealthy was in tatters.The company was forced to try to survive with a greatly reduced work force and shortages of cash and raw materials.The government appointed a new administrator Alexander Brongniart to the Sevres operations at the turn of the century.

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