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The VW engines have had two cooling arrangements: one using propelled air as coolant and the other using water, with radiator, pump, thermostat and fan.

The air-cooled VW engines, as you all know, with millions built and in service, is one of the most popular car engines on planet Earth.

They were all built in the last century and they have pulled war vehicles, small planes, small electric power generators, water pumps, boats, motorcycles, etc., sometimes as factory set ups and other times as owner’s adaptations.

And, quite logically, some other have transformed the four-cylinder into a two-cylinder all-purpose air compressor powered by the other two cylinders.

But, yes, a large part of the persons that listen daily to the unmistakably unique sound of the VW air-cooled engine are the VW car drivers.

The VW air-cooled engine is found in almost all bugs, convertibles, Karmann-Ghias, busses, Things, Fridolins, trikes, Hebmüllers, Rometsch, Schwimmwagens, Porsche 914s and some other models and types I don’t remember right now.

The air-cooled VWs are vintage cars, some dating back from WW 2.

Their engines are vintage too, in design as well as in output, layout and technical solutions.

The VW engine, in its three variants type 1, type 3 and type 4, is an engine of modest power output, by concept.

Within the boundaries of the metallurgic knowledge of the days when it was projected, the choice of power vs. In other words, on the drawing table decisions were already taken to create in 1938 an engine slightly “stuffed” to avoid a high rev.

regime and, thus, be more reliable for a longer service life.

In the production decades that followed, the VW engine underwent many upgrades during its manufacture, with several increases in capacity and consequent power output, accompanied by the necessary reinforcement and redesign of many component parts, such as engine casing, crankshaft, heads, pistons, manifolds, etc, to name but a few.

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