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Blackface is a form of theatrical makeup used by non-black performers to represent a black person.
The practice gained popularity during the 19th century and contributed to the proliferation of racial stereotypes such as the "happy-go-lucky darky on the plantation" or the "dandified coon".
S., occurring on primetime TV, most famously in The Black and White Minstrel Show, which ended in 1978, In both the United States and Britain, blackface was most commonly used in the minstrel performance tradition, which it both predated and outlasted.
Early white performers in blackface used burnt cork and later greasepaint or shoe polish to blacken their skin and exaggerate their lips, often wearing woolly wigs, gloves, tailcoats, or ragged clothes to complete the transformation. Stereotypes embodied in the stock characters of blackface minstrels not only played a significant role in cementing and proliferating racist images, attitudes, and perceptions worldwide, but also in popularizing black culture.
In some quarters, the caricatures that were the legacy of blackface persist to the present day and are a cause of ongoing controversy. It remains in relatively limited use as a theatrical device and is more commonly used today as social commentary or satire.
Another view is that "blackface is a form of cross-dressing in which one puts on the insignias of a sex, class, or race that stands in opposition to one's own." By the mid-20th century, changing attitudes about race and racism effectively ended the prominence of blackface makeup used in performance in the U. Perhaps the most enduring effect of blackface is the precedent it established in the introduction of African-American culture to an international audience, albeit through a distorted lens.
of African-American culture—as well as the inter-ethnic artistic collaborations that stemmed from it—were but a prologue to the lucrative packaging, marketing, and dissemination of African-American cultural expression and its myriad derivative forms in today's world popular culture.
There is no consensus about a single moment that constitutes the origin of blackface.John Strausbaugh places it as part of a tradition of "displaying Blackness for the enjoyment and edification of white viewers" that dates back at least to 1441, when captive West Africans were displayed in Portugal. in 1822–23, and as a result added a "black" characterization to his repertoire of British regional types for his next show, A Trip to America, which included Mathews singing "Possum up a Gum Tree", a popular slave freedom song. S., performing under the stage name "Daddy Jim Crow".However, Othello and other plays of this era did not involve the emulation and caricature of "such supposed innate qualities of Blackness as inherent musicality, natural athleticism," etc. Lewis Hallam, Jr., a white blackface actor of American Company fame, brought blackface in this more specific sense to prominence as a theatrical device in the United States when playing the role of "Mungo", an inebriated black man in The Padlock, a British play that premiered in New York City at the John Street Theatre on May 29, 1769. The name Jim Crow later became attached to statutes that codified the reinstitution of segregation and discrimination after Reconstruction.In the 1830s and early 1840s, blackface performances mixed skits with comic songs and vigorous dances.Initially, Rice and his peers performed only in relatively disreputable venues, but as blackface gained popularity they gained opportunities to perform as entr'actes in theatrical venues of a higher class.Stereotyped blackface characters developed: buffoonish, lazy, superstitious, cowardly, and lascivious characters, who stole, lied pathologically, and mangled the English language.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating