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This work comes from a published paper by Robbins and Hynek in the Journal of Geophysical Research that came out in 2012. The videos can be run in real time from the web site or, if users prefer, downloaded to their own computers. A team of NLSI researchers have discovered that debris that caused a “lunar cataclysm” on the Moon 4 billion years ago struck it at much higher speeds than those that made the most ancient craters.

Every red dot on the globe is a single crater larger than 1 km in diameter. Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets) 120, 1377-1395 Elphic, R. The videos explore how impactor size and velocity, as well as target gravity and temperature, affect the sizes and morphologies of impact craters.

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LROC NAC closeup clustered craters on the Schrodinger pyroclastic cone, one of the NASA Constellation regions of interest.

The most-densely cratered portion of the highlands reached a state of saturation equilibrium....

By using high-resolution altimetric measurements of the Moon, we produced a catalog of all impact craters ≥20 kilometers in diameter on the lunar surface and analyzed their distribution and population characteristics.

(There is no audio to the video.) It’s no secret that Mars is a beaten and battered planet — astronomers have been peering for centuries at the violent impact craters created by cosmic buckshot pounding its surface over billions of years. The moon’s surface is riddled with craters ranging in size and structural complexity, and billions of years ago before life emerged, the Earth looked the same way. The sur.....Lunar Reconnaissance orbiter camera, or LROC. The twin GRAIL spacecraft impacted the Moon on 17 December 2012, LROC was able to image the impact craters on 28 February 2013 showing them both to be about 5 meters in diameter. Comparisons between the craters produced in the simulations and actual craters on the Moon (e.g., Linné,... The scientists found evidence supporting this scenario by examining the history of crater formation on the Moon. System is a dynamic, constantly changing environment.

“The bottom line is, everything that happened on the moon happened on the Earth,” said David Kring, crater expert and team leader for Center for Lunar Science and Exploration. Download File ( min, 12.6 MB mp3) This podcast was produced as part of 365 Days of Astronomy. Upper panels show the area before the impact; lower panels after the impact. Nowhere is this more true than on the lunar surface.

“The Earth used to look just like that.” But Earth has several things the moon doesn’t — an atmos... A Unique Experiment for LRO’s Mini-RF Is there ice in permanently shadowed craters on the Moon? Arrows point to crater locations [NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University]. Asteroids and comets slam into the Moon at speeds greater than 16 km per second (10 miles per second) creating impact craters in a matter of seconds.

Brent Garry, left, and Scott Hughes collect data for a NASA research project Wednesday at Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve. Scientists working with the mini rf instrument on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter have been attempting a very special and exciting experiment, called bistatic radar observations and with a little help f......ndous heat of the impact also melted part of the floor of the crater, turning it into a sea of molten rock. Asteroid bombardment over billions of years has left the lunar surface pockmarked with craters of all sizes, and covered with solidified lava, rubble, and dust. The Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission ended on 17 December 2012 at PST (-8 hrs. So much energy is released in these impacts that the impactor is mostly vaporized and some of the target rock is melted.

Credit: Julie Wooton, Times-News Rain put a damper on field work Wednesday for a SSERVI research project. Glimpses of the original surface, or crust, are rare, and views into the deep crust are rarer still. relative to......curate predictions of iron redox state in silicate glasses: A multivariate approach using x-ray absorption spectroscopy. Rocks and soil are thrown out and form spectacular ejecta aprons.

But once the sky cleared in the afternoon, Scott Hughes — a professor emeritus at Idaho State University — headed out with his team. Fortunately, a crater on the edge of the South Po... Rocks......cience Forum, held July 16-18, 2013 from NASA Ames Research Center.

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